The Coolie’s Great War
Indian Labour in a Global Conflict, 1914–1921
A spectacular history of the hundreds of thousands of unacknowledged Indian labourers who kept the Allied supply lines flowing in the First World War.
Though largely invisible in histories of the First World War, over 550,000 men in the ranks of the Indian army were non-combatants. From the porters, stevedores and construction workers in the Coolie Corps to those who maintained supply lines and removed the wounded from the battlefield, Radhika Singha recovers the story of this unacknowledged service.
The labour regimes built on the backs of these ‘coolies’ sustained the military infrastructure of empire; their deployment in interregional arenas bent to the demands of global war. Viewed as racially subordinate and subject to ‘non-martial’ caste designations, they fought back against their status, using the warring powers’ need for manpower as leverage to challenge traditional service hierarchies and wage differentials.
The Coolie’s Great War views that global conflict through the lens of Indian labour, constructing a distinct geography of the war—from tribal settlements and colonial jails, beyond India’s frontiers, to the battlefronts of France and Mesopotamia.
Radhika Singha is Professor of Modern Indian History at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. Her research interests focus on the social history of crime and criminal law, identification practices, governmentality, borders and border-crossing.
‘Retrieving the forgotten category of Indian menial labourers in the Great War, this magisterial study explores their fate in local and global sites, from pre-War conflict zones to post-War demobilisation, pulling together military, legal, labor and migration histories in a narrative that is as complex as it is compelling.’ — Tanika Sarkar, Retired Professor, Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University