The Islamic World in the New Century

The Organization of the Islamic Conference, 1969-2009

October 2010 9781849040631 288pp


These are challenging times for the world’s fifty-seven Muslim countries and their relationship with the West. The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) is the Muslim world’s intergovernmental body – the largest such organisation outside of the United Nations system and is based in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

In 2005, OIC countries elected Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu of Turkey with a mandate to transform the forty-year-old organisation. Created to respond to the Palestinian crisis, it has since branched out into economic development, education, culture, science, technology, conflict resolution and Islamophobia. This book tells the OIC story, how and why it was formed; its achievements, successes and failures, and why modernisation is needed.


‘Despite its significance in the Muslim world and in the field of NGOs, there is practically no serious and reliable book on the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, its mission, history and activities’. – Ibrahim Kalin, Center for Muslim- Christian Understanding, Georgetown University.


Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu is the ninth Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference. He is the founding Director General of the Research Centre for Islamic History, Culture and Arts, based in Istanbul and a past President of the International Union for the History and Philosophy of Science. He is also the author of Science, Technology and Learning in the Ottoman Empire.

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