Phares Mukasa Mutibwa was born in July 1936 in Bulemezi county, now part of Luwero district in the former Kingdom of Buganda, and educated at Ndejje Secondary School, King's College Budo and Makerere University. He served as a diplomat at Uganda's Foreign Service for two years, before joining Makerere University as lecturer in history. After obtaining his Ph.D. at the University of Sussex, England, he was promoted to a senior lectureship at Makerere, and was Professor and Head of Department of the History Department there in 1976-7 and 1979-83. He has served as professor at the Universities of Nairobi and Swaziland. He was Director of Research and Political Affairs in the National Resistance Movement (the ruling party in Uganda, since 1986) and is currently a member of the Uganda Constitutional Commission. Besides articles in learned journals, Professor Mutibwa is the author of The Malagasy and the Europeans (Longman, 1974) and African Heritage and the New Africa (East African Literature Bureau, 1977) and co-author of A Century of Christianity in Uganda, 1877-1977 (Uzima Press, 1978). Since 1975 he has been a member of UNESCO's International Scientific Committee for its "General History of Africa", contributing a chapter on Madagascar to volume VI.